Since 1990, the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada has evaluated almost 300 railway stations, more than half of which were designated heritage railway stations. To be considered, a railway station must:

Vancouver Railway Station (BC)
Vancouver Railway Station (BC)
© Parks Canada
  • Be owned by a railway company subject to Part III of the Canada Transportation Act; and
  • Be more than 40 years old.

The Board evaluates eligible stations against criteria which measure historical and architectural significance, the character of surrounding areas and the interest the public shows in the station. If the board determines that a building merits designation as a heritage railway station, it submits a favourable recommendation to the Minister for approval.

The Minister responsible for Parks Canada (the Minister of the Environment) officially designates the railway station and informs the railway company of the decision.