History and culture
Kouchibouguac protects a variety of cultural resources reflecting the long, rich history of use and occupation by the Mi’gmaq, as well as Acadian, Scottish, Irish, and English settlers whose legacy has shaped this land. Moreover, the park is committed to honouring and commemorating the history of the people whose homes were expropriated at the time of park creation.
Prior to park creation in 1969, the area that is now Kouchibouguac National Park had a long and rich history. The Mi’gmaq have centuries-old spiritual and cultural connections with Kouchibouguac. The name Kouchibouguac is of Mi’gmaq origin and means “river of the long tides.”
While French explorers visited and settled parts of New Brunswick beginning in the early 1600s, permanent European settlement in the area, that would become Kouchibouguac National Park, began only in the late 1700s.
On February 8, 1943, Lockheed Ventura II (AJ211) attached with No. 34 Operational Training Unit (OTU) Pennfield Ridge, temporarily based in Yarmouth took flight at 5:55 on a pre-dawn cross country and bombing training exercise.