Indigenous culture

Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site

A Mi'kmaw history

While Kejimkujik has been a popular national park for more than four decades, its importance to the Mi’kmaw people is based on millennia of ancestral history. The earliest evidence of people in the Kejimkujik area dates to about 3000-4000 years ago. This time period is called the Late Archaic, the Mu Awsami Saqiwe’k.


The most noticeable traces left by the early Mi’kmaq at Kejimkujik are the engravings they created in the glacially polished slate outcrops found at several locations around lakeshores. There are over 500 individual petroglyphs (carvings in stone) within Kejimkujik, making it one of the largest collections of such images in eastern North America.

Traditional Mi’kmaw birch bark canoe building

The canoe is an iconic symbol of the Mi’kmaw cultural landscape and also of the contemporary experience of Kejimkujik. The Kejimkujik Birch Bark Canoe Project highlights the work of master Mi’kmaw craftsman, Todd Labrador, as he builds traditional birch bark canoes in Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site.

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